Circumcision is the alteration or mutilation of genitalia, of females as well as males. It is a worldwide phenomenon and varies greatly. An excellent reference for
female circumcision is Prisoners of Ritual: An Odyssey into Female Genital Circumcision in Africa, Hanny Lightfoot-Klein, New York, Haworth Press, 1989.
The rest of this page addresses male circumcision. For a good men's issues reference on other topics, you may want to look at Men's Issues Page by David R
Genital alteration in the female includes infibulation, clitoridectomy, clitoral circumcision and piercing. The World Health Organization had a conference in February
1979 in Khartoum, Sudan, and unanimously condemned the mutilations as disastrous to women’s health and as indefensible on medical as well as humane grounds.
In the United States, Rep. Pat Schroeder has written a bill to prohibit female genital mutilation (FGM), H.R. 3247.
In addition here is the excerpted section 261 of the larger bill...
This set of photos shows an average penis with an average infant circumcision in various kinds of restoration devices. The images will be more useful to you if you
have a basic knowledge of the genital anatomy of men, including the vocabulary applied to various structures. There's a web site called The Sexual Anatomy Of Men
with some basic information.